Why must government subsidise borehole drilling

Tribune 12-07-2021

Michael Ale, the Chairman of Male Integrated Services, a company renowned for borehole water drilling and also the National President of Association of Water Well Drilling Rig Owners and Practitioners (AWDROP), in this interview by NURUDEEN ALIMI, speaks on the need for government to consider subsidising the drilling of borehole water across the country among other issues, find a link to the full article below as covered by the tribune on the 12th of July 2021.

Why govt must subsidise borehole drilling —Ale

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Is the COVID-19 Coronavirus in Our Water?

People are wearing face masks.   People are washing their hands multiple times a day to kill viruses. These steps are necessary and important to help contain and kill the COVID-19 virus.

Some are wondering about the spread of COVID-19 in water and wastewater.  What is important to remember is that drinking water utilities disinfect the water we drink prior to it being delivered to our homes.  Wastewater utilities disinfect the water prior to it being released back to the environment.  This is very similar to using disinfectant wipes or soap at home.

The Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District (MMSD) is providing weekly wastewater samples to the School of Freshwater Sciences since March.  These samples are a part of a state-wide effort to establish a monitoring program for COVID-19 in wastewater as an early warning indicator of future waves of the disease. The School of Freshwater Sciences is partnering with the Wisconsin State Lab of Hygiene and others for this ongoing effort.

Below are some questions and responses that I have seen nationally.  For local, Milwaukee County COVID-19 updates visit: https://county.milwaukee.gov/EN/COVID-19.

I hope this helps to calm these concerns.

Be Safe, Be Understanding, and Be Kind.

Kevin L. Shafer, P.E.

Executive Director – MMSD


Water Transmission and COVID-19

Drinking-Water, Recreational Water, and Wastewater: What You Need to Know from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):

Can the COVID-19 virus spread through drinking water?

The virus that causes COVID-19 has not been detected in treated drinking water. Water treatment plants use filters and disinfectants to remove or kill germs, like the virus that causes COVID-19. The Environmental Protection Agency regulates water treatment plants to ensure that treated water is safe to drink.

Currently, there is no evidence that the virus that causes COVID-19 can be spread to people by drinking treated water. COVID-19 is spread mainly through close contact from person-to-person. COVID-19 is spread mainly through close contact from person-to-person. You can continue to use and drink water from your tap as usual.

Is the COVID-19 virus found in feces?

The virus that causes COVID-19 has been found in the feces of some patients diagnosed with COVID-19. However, it is unclear whether the virus found in feces may be capable of causing COVID-19. There has not been any confirmed report of the virus spreading from feces to a person. Scientists also do not know how much risk there is that the virus could be spread from the feces of an infected person to another person. However, they think this risk is low based on data from previous outbreaks of diseases caused by related coronaviruses, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).

Can the COVID-19 virus spread through pools, hot tubs, spas, and water playgrounds?

There is no evidence that the virus that causes COVID-19 can be spread to people through the water in pools, hot tubs, or water playgrounds. Additionally, proper operation of these aquatic venues and disinfection of the water (with chlorine or bromine) should inactivate the virus. However, chlorinated water alone should not be used as a surface disinfectant. CDC recommends the use of EPA-registered household disinfectants to disinfect surfaces. Follow the instructions on the label to ensure the safe and effective use of the product.

Can the COVID-19 virus spread through sewerage systems?

Recently, ribonucleic acid (RNA) from the virus that causes COVID-19 has been found in untreated wastewater. While data are limited, there is little evidence of the infectious virus in wastewater and no information to date that anyone has become sick with COVID-19 because of exposure to wastewater. At this time, the risk of transmission of the virus that causes COVID-19 through properly designed and maintained sewerage systems is thought to be low.

Should wastewater workers take extra precautions to protect themselves from the COVID-19 virus?

Recently, ribonucleic acid (RNA) from the virus that causes COVID-19 has been found in untreated wastewater. While data are limited, there is little evidence of the infectious virus in wastewater and no information to date that anyone has become sick with COVID-19 because of exposure to wastewater.

Standard practices associated with wastewater treatment plant operations should be sufficient to protect wastewater workers from the virus that causes COVID-19. These standard practices can include engineering and administrative controls, hygiene precautions, specific safe work practices, and personal protective equipment (PPE) normally required when handling untreated wastewater. No additional COVID-19–specific protections are recommended for workers involved in wastewater management, including those at wastewater treatment facilities.

See Information for Wastewater and Sanitation System Workers on COVID-19 for additional information.

If my utility has issued a Boil Water Advisory, can I still use tap water to wash my hands? 

In most cases, it is safe to wash your hands with soap and tap water during a Boil Water Advisory. Follow the guidance from your local public health officials. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol.

Can the virus that causes COVID-19 spread to people through floodwater?

There is no evidence that COVID-19 can spread to people through water, including floodwater.

Sometimes floodwater can mix with wastewater. CDC is not aware of any scientific reports of the virus being spread by swallowing or coming in contact with water contaminated by feces from an infected person. Stay out of floodwater to avoid hazards and illnesses from contaminants that are not associated with COVID-19.

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Access to clean water



When students are freed from gathering water, they return to class. With proper and safe latrines, girls stay in school through their teenage years.


Safe water, clean hands, healthy bodies. Time lost to sickness is reduced and people can get back to the work of lifting themselves out of poverty.


Access to water leads to food security. With less crop loss, hunger is reduced. Schools can feed students with gardens, reducing costs.


Access to water can break the cycle of poverty. The communities we serve are ready to grow. We can’t wait to see how they choose to do it.

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Water and Young Children

Infants and young children are especially susceptible to diseases because their immune systems are experiencing everything for the first time. Even in developed countries, lots of moms boil water before giving it to their children – just to be doubly safe. In poor countries, the fuel for the fire can be so expensive that mothers can’t afford to boil water and cook food. At The Water Project, we’re working with local communities to provide access to safe water at schools and where children live. A water project, like a new well, can transform a child’s life.

Water unlocks potential by helping kids stay healthy so they can stay in school.


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11 Facts About Water in the Developing World

  1. 884 million people in the world lack access to safe water supplies.
  2. More than 840,000 people die each year from water-related disease.
  3. Almost 2 in 3 people who need safe drinking water survive on less than $2 a day.
  4. In many developing countries, millions of women spend several hours a day collecting water from distant, often polluted sources.
  5. Every minute a child dies of a water-related disease.
  6. Diarrhea caused by inadequate drinking water, sanitation, and hand hygiene kills an estimated 842,000 people every year globally, or approximately 2,300 people per day.
  7. More than 1/2 of all primary schools in developing countries don’t have adequate water facilities and nearly 2/3 lack adequate sanitation.
  8. Clean water is one aspect of improving sustainable food production in order to reduce poverty and hunger.
  9. More than 80% of sewage in developing countries is discharged untreated, polluting rivers, lakes and coastal areas.
  10. By 2025, 1.8 billion people will be living in countries or regions with absolute water scarcity, and two-thirds of the world’s population could be living under water stressed conditions.
  11. Every $1 spent on water and sanitation generates $8 as a result of saved time, increased productivity and reduced health care costs.
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